Quick Answer: Who Invented The Theory Of Opposites?

What are the 4 humors in psychology?

The ancient Greek believed that each of the 4 humors was a result of an excess of one of the 4 bodily fluids.

For them, the excess amount of fluids determined a person’s character.

The 4 humors included choleric (yellow bile), melancholic (black bile), sanguine (blood) and phlegmatic (phlegm)..

How did they treat the four humours?

Humoural Treatments Many treatments involved trying to restore the balance of the Four Humours. Blood-letting (phlebotomy): Methods including cupping, leeches and cutting a vein. Purging: Patients were given emetics (to make them vomit) or laxatives (to empty the bowels).

What was black bile?

: a humor of medieval physiology believed to be secreted by the kidneys or spleen and to cause melancholy.

Who discovered the four temperaments?

HippocratesIn ancient Greece, Hippocrates (c. 460–370 BC) introduced a theory of four temperaments, which is the first written theory on links between personality and health known today, although his temperament theory took its origin in the even older Egyptian and Mesopotamian philosophy of “humorism” (Sudhoff, 1926).

How did the four humours affect medical knowledge?

The dominant theory of Hippocrates and his successors was that of the four “humors”: black bile, yellow bile, phlegm, and blood. When these humors were in balance, health prevailed; when they were out of balance or vitiated in some way, disease took over.

What were galens ideas?

Firstly, Galen thought that learning about anatomy and doing dissections was very important. He developed his knowledge in this area by dissecting animals (such as apes and pigs). One of his ideas was that the brain, not the heart, controls speech and so proved this by publically dissecting a pig.

What is the yellow bile?

yellow bile (uncountable) One of the four humours of ancient and mediaeval physiology, that was believed to be secreted by the liver and to cause irascibility, anger, and bad temper when present in excess.

Is black bile real?

A dark clot forms at the bottom (the “black bile”). Above the clot is a layer of red blood cells (the “blood”). Above this is a whitish layer of white blood cells (the “phlegm”).

What was galens theory of opposites?

Galen believed in the use of opposites – if a man appeared to have a fever, he treated it with something cold; if a man appeared to have a cold, he would be treated with heat. People who were weak were given hard physical exercises to do to build up their muscles.

Who created the 4 humours theory?

physician HippocratesCourtesy National Library of Medicine. Greek physician Hippocrates (ca. 460 BCE–370 BCE) is often credited with developing the theory of the four humors—blood, yellow bile, black bile, and phlegm—and their influence on the body and its emotions.

What was meant by the theory of opposites?

The theory of opposites was the new version of the theory of the four humours. It was changed by Galen. The new theory stated that there was the same four humours, but instead of being given more of the humour that was causing the person to be ill. The opposite humour was given.

Why was the theory of the four humours so popular?

The Theory of the Four Humours was an important development in medical knowledge which originated in the works of Aristotle. … These Four Humours needed to remain balanced in order for people to remain healthy. The Four Humours were liquids within the body- blood, phlegm, yellow bile and black bile.